Cause of obesity is well explained in Ayurveda which can be can be categorized under
• Genetic factors- Beeja Dosha as per Ayurveda
• Habitual cause- This includes lifestyle changes such as what a person eats like eating large amounts of food which is Sweet, cold processed or fast food that is rich in fat and sugar, drinking alcohol, intake of sugary drinks, lack of physical activity etc.
• Psychological factors - including stress, depressed mood etc.
• Other factors - Obesity linked disorders such as Diabetes, Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases, Hypothyroidism, Sleep Apnea, Dyslipidemia.
• Excessive sweating
• Decreased strength
• Excessive sleep
• Difficulty to perform heavy work
• Decreased bony strength
• Foul odor of the body
• Unclear voice
• Excessive hunger
• Excessive thirst
Obesity can be defined as an excessive fat accumulation that increases the risk of health problems presents a risk to health. A body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered as overweight, and over 30 is obese. The issue has grown to epidemic proportions, with over 4 million people dying each year as a result of being overweight or obese in 2017 according to the global burden of disease.
Rates of overweight and obesity continue to grow in adults and children. From 1975 to 2016, the prevalence of overweight or obese children and adolescents aged 5–19 years increased more than four-fold from 4% to 18% globally.
In Ayurveda obesity is described under the heading of Sthoulya which means a person having heaviness and bulkiness of the body due to excessive collection of fat is called obese (sthula) and the condition is called obesity (sthoulya)
Integrative medicine primarily focuses on prevention to support better health prior to disease occurrence, as well as strengthening the body’s inborn ability to heal itself, promoting lifestyle changes, mind-body medication, and in-depth patient education.
In Ayurveda for weight loss and to maintain health of healthy people who are obese or overweight, deep, dry massages with herbal powders and pastes (Udwarthanam), synchronized massage with specific oils (Abhyanga), and herbal steam bath are used to mobilize the accumulated fat, Appropriate Panchakarma therapies like Vamana (Emisis), Virechana (Purgation), Basti (Enema) are also administered based on the requirement of the individual. Similar line of treatment is also adapted to treat Hypothyroidism, Diabetes etc. The immune system is also modulated for better response and recovery during the same.
Yoga plays an important role in treating obesity, improving the health and flexibility of muscles, digestive activity and enhancing circulation of the body. Certain yogic postures like surya namaskara, twisting,backward and forward bending asana, katichakrasana, Bhujangasana, Vakrasana, setubandhasana etc. are the asanas which helps for the reduction of body weight.
Naturopathy mainly works on fighting lifestyle problems causing obesity. According to this science excess weight gain can occur due to multiple factors such as blood sugar imbalance, hormonal mismatch, troubled digestion, thyroid etc. Thus naturopathy treatment such as Diet therapy, Upavasa (Fasting therapy) Aroma therapy (Manipulation massage) Mud therapy, Hydrotherapy etc. helps for the reduction of excess fat in the body.