Understanding the Tridosha

According to Ayurveda Space, Air, Water, Fire and Earth are “Five elements” that flow through every cell in our bodies. These five elements combine in various ways to form the three constitutional factors called Dosha’s or energies. Dosha’s are responsible for the characteristics of Body, Mind and Soul. These are the basis for health and illness.​

The Three Doshas

1. Vata – Comprises space and Air. It is responsible for movement. When it is in balance the person will be energetic, enthusiastic, friendly and happy.
2. Pitta – Comprises fire and water. It is responsible for digestion and metabolism. The pitta balanced person will be funny, cooperative, confident and decisive.
3. Kapha - Comprises water and earth. It is responsible for stability and structure. When it is in balance the person will be generous, kind, patient, strategic.

Dosha Common problems General Treatment
Vata Roughness of skin
Drying of skin
Cracking of skin
Headache
Dandruff
Giddiness
Yawning
Hiccup
Depression
Weakness
Disturbed sleep
Unstable mind
Snehana (Abhyanga) – body massage
Swedana (steam)
Basti (Enema) –
Asthapana basti (enema with decoction)
Anuvasana basti (enema with oil)
Parisheka (Sprinkling of oil)
Shirodhara (Pouring of oil on head)
Elakizhi (Fomentation)
Nasya (Medication through nostrils)
Pitta Heat
Burning
Excessive temperature
Excessive sweating
Bad odor
Mouth ulcers
Fainting
Eye related problems
Snehana (Abhyanga) – body massage
Virechana (purgation)
Pradeha (application of paste)
Parisheka (sprinkling of liquid)
Kapha Drowsiness
Excessive sleep
Heaviness of the body
Laziness
Loss of strength
Indigestion
Obesity
Swedana (steam)
Vamana (enema)
Shirovirechana (detoxification of head region)
Udvartana (dry powder massage)
Vyayama (exercise)