What is Ayurveda?
Ayurveda, the science of life and longevity, which is about 5000 years old, is the oldest healthcare system in the world and it combines the profound thoughts of medicine and philosophy. Since then Ayurveda has stood for the wholesome physical, mental and spiritual growth of humanity around the world. Ayurveda is a unique, indispensable branch of healing that is based on the concept of a health through balanced body, mind, spirit, emotions and senses.
हिता हितं सुखं दुखं आयुस् तस्य हिताहितं I
मानं च तत्च यत्रोक्तं आयुर्वेदं स उच्यते II (च.सू.)
Ayurveda is a science that describes the advantageous, disadvantageous, happy and unhappy states of life, in addition to what is good and bad for life and its measurement.
“स्वास्थ्यस्य स्वास्थ्य रक्षणं आतुरस्य विकार प्रशमनम् I”
Ayurveda shows different ways to maintain the health of a person and also the different ways to treat a diseased person.
The key concepts of Ayurvedic medicine include universal interconnectedness (among people, their health, and the universe), the body’s constitution (prakriti), and life forces (dosha), which are often compared to the biologic humor of the ancient Greek system. Using these concepts, Ayurvedic physicians at Vivekananda Health Global prescribe individualized treatments, including compounds of herbs or proprietary ingredients, and diet, exercise, and lifestyle recommendations. Health is a balanced state of body humor, tissues, digestive fire, soul, sense organs and mind. The principles of Ayurveda like Dinacharya, Rtucharya, Sadvritha etc. balances an individual’s physical and mental health. So everyone should follow these regimens for getting healthy life.
"Daily-routine"is a concept in ayurvedic medicine that looks at the cycles of nature and bases daily activities around these cycles. Ayurveda contends that routines help establish balance and that understanding daily cycles are useful for promoting health. Dinacharya says that each day two cycles of change occur, that correlate with the Ayurvedic concept of dosha. Routines covered by dinacharya include: waking up early in the morning, attending to nature calls or elimination, hygiene, massage, exercise, bathing, meditation and prayer, meals, study, work, relaxation and sleeping. Dinacharya is one of the best things that you can do to stay in balance, prevent diseases and treat almost any disease.
In Ayurvedic literature the year is divided into six ritus (seasons) – varsha (monsoon), sharada (autumn), hemanta (winter), shishira (late winter), girshma (summer) and vasanta (spring).The term prakriti denotes both body constitution and nature, it is only expected that with the changing seasons of nature there will be corresponding effects on the bhutas and thereby the doshas of the constitution. Cold, dry weather for instance enhances vata, hot humid climate increases pitta, while cold, wet weather aggravates kapha.To avoid such continued aggravation leading to imbalance of the doshas, Ayurveda prescribes a seasonal routine to preserve the doshic balance as the seasons change. For each season therefore, there is a unique diet (ahara) and a distinct mode of living (vihara). These keep your dosha’s in a state of equilibrium and help you cope with the stress and strain of changing seasons.
Sadvritha (Ethical Regimen)
Ayurveda prescribes certain rules for maintaining a healthy mind. These are principles of right conduct that are applicable to all people at all times and places. Practicing them gives balance and peace to the mind. Mind has a strong relation to the Tridosha balance and thereby health.